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Different Roofing Materials: An Interview with Tyler Sauerwald of 360 Roofing & Construction

By Tyler Sauerwald

There are lots of roofing materials and products on the market today and homeowners often don't know where to begin when it comes to it all. That's why we interviewed Tyler Sauerwald of 360 Roofing & Construction to learn more about the options available.

About 360 Roofing & Construction:

360 Roofing & Construction is the result of over 30 years of residential and commercial construction experience right here in Oklahoma. After seeing countless customers dissatisfied with previous roofing companies they used we decided to change that. We decided to take an industry with a bad reputation and turn it around by treating every project as if it were our own and every customer as an extended part of our family.

Our mission here at 360 Roofing & Construction is to provide our customers with the All Around Quality of service, knowledge and respect that comes from people who are proud to stand behind their work.

Different Types of Roofing Materials:

Today there are almost countless options when it comes to roofing and some provide better protection and longevity than others:

  • Asphalt shingles, both 3-tab and laminate, have a fiberglass mat backing which is covered in tar and granules which give the shingle some color.
  • Metal roofing is a painted sheet of flat metal which is then rolled through a die at the factory giving it a specific shape or profile you see on metal roofs. Some popular profiles are "M" panel, "R" panel, "Ag" panel and standing seam.
  • There are wood shingles and shakes which aren't as popular as they once were in Oklahoma but they are still being used today. The difference between wood shakes and wood shingles is that the shake is split and leaves a rough surface while the shingle is smooth and uniform. There are also tiles that can be used such as slate or clay barrel tiles which are popular on Spanish style homes. In addition there are products made to look like shake or tile such as metal shake or vinyl slate tiles. Most homes will have a pitched roof and use one of these options, however, some homes have a portion of flat roof or an entirely flat roof.
  • Single Ply roofing material such a PVC, TPO and EPDM are all good options with TPO being the most common. Basically these are rubber membranes that are either heat welded or chemically sealed at the seams.
  • Modified bitumen is another material used on flat roofs which is like asphalt shingles only in a large roll.

Most Common Roofing Material:

Asphalt Shingles: They are an economical choice that come with manufacturer warranties ranging from 25 years to 50 years or more depending on the grade of shingle chosen and even impact resistant (IR) shingles made to resist damage from hail impacts. Outside of being an economical and long lasting option, asphalt shingles also come in several colors and styles to suit nearly anybody's preferred style.

Least Common Roofing Material:

The least common flat roofing material today is gravel ballast. The gravel is what we all see but the part actually protecting the roof is the hot tar which was applied below the gravel.

Bituthene and other Ice and Water Shields:

Bituthene is a waterproofing product made by Grace. It is typically used on basement walls or other cement structures that need to be waterproofed. We use a similar product on roofs called Ice and Water Shield (IWS). We use IWS in valleys, around skylights, around chimneys and other areas where extra precaution needs to be taken to prevent leaks caused by driving rain or ice damming. In cold climates IWS is put around the perimeter of the home starting at the eave and ending two feet inside of the exterior walls to prevent leaks from ice damming. Ice damming is when snow on a roof begins to melt during the day and then re-freezes at the edge of the roof where the heat from your home doesn't keep the roof as warm. When the runoff refreezes it can work between the overlapping layers of shingles acting like a wedge and separating them. Once it begins to melt again it has gotten beneath the shingles and can leak into the home if not properly protected.

Different Types of Flashing:

  • Step flashing is used where exterior walls or chimney walls meet the sloped portion of the roof. They are "L" shaped pieces of metal overlapped like shingles.
  • Rolled flashing is flat metal rolled into a coil. It is used where walls run flat against the roof or the back (uphill) side of a chimney meets the roof line. Here, a piece of the flat metal is rolled out and cut to length and then bent to meet the angle needed to shed water away from a wall or around a chimney.
  • Counter flashing is used where flashing already exists and is attached to a wall and then bent to go outside of and down in front of the existing flashing.

Most Common Flashing:

All three types are very common. Both rolled flashing and step flashing are used on nearly all shingled roofs.

Benefits of Flashing:

Flashing provides extra protection by shedding water away from where the wall meets the roof. These points are more susceptible to water entry and need an additional layer of protection.

Ending Advice:

Hire a reputable, local company that can provide references and has a track record of standing behind their work. We do not "sell" roofs, we educate our customers so they can make an informed decision on what best suits their needs and budget. Any reputable company should do the same.

360 Roofing & Construction Services:

We primarily do re-roofing and storm damage restoration. It is not uncommon after a wind or hail storm to need new gutters, window screens, windows, or even drywall, texture and paint if the storm caused a roof leak. We provide all the services needed to restore homes to the condition they were in prior to the storm including hassle free claim assistance. We also provide free roof inspections.

360 Roofing & Construction Contact Info:

We have several options to best suit our customer's needs. We can be contacted by phone, both local ( 405-602-2112 ) and toll free (855-200-4-360), or by email (info@roof360inc.com).

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